Mombasa is the best summarized as a feeling, it's a love or hate, there is something about the warm salty, damp air, the sounds of the city and feel the dust sticking to your skin sun screamed that immediately evokes a sense place.
If this is your first stop after visiting the interior, you might just ask for a more distinctive introduction to the coast of Kenya, and its perfect place to help you naturally fall into the languid pace of life while enjoying Swahilithe modern comforts of home.
Mombasa is the largest city on the coast of Kenya and also the largest coastal port in East Africa. The city lies on a low island at the mouth of a large entrance, providing a natural anchorage for ships. Retailers have come here at least since the 12th century and the goods to Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi and eastern Congo (Zaire) still go through as they travel abroad.
The population of the city of Mombasa is predominantly African, many of whomSwahilis are, but there is a considerable range of races and cultures here, from African to British expatriates, Oman, India and China.
The majority of package tours and stay in beach resorts in the north or south of the city, but leaving all of your route from Mombasa would be a shame. The most interesting part is the character of the Old Town with its narrow streets, historic houses and the remains of the powerful Swahili Fort Jesus.
Mombasa has always been at the center ofkey events of the coast, a key stronghold for local and invading the powers since the Arab-Swahili Mazrui clan emerged as one of the most powerful families of the ninth century, East Africa.
The first Arab incursions in Portuguese territory took place here in 1505, when Don Francisco de Almeida arrived with an enormous fleet and destroyed the city in just 1 ½ days. The remains have been plundered soon rebuilt, but still struck Lisbon in 1528, as Nuna da Cunha occupied the city, first through diplomacy(Offer to act as calm disputes with Malindi Mombasa, Zanzibar and Pemba) and then by force. Again Mombasa was destroyed, while the invaders sailed for India.
The Portuguese made an offer of tenure in 1593 with the construction of Fort Jesus, but the heavy structure quickly became a symbolic target for rebel leaders and was constantly under siege. During the 17th and 18th centuries Mombasa changed hands dozens of times before the Portuguese finally gave up theirclaim costs in 1729.
Waiting to enter the power vacuum were the sultans of Oman, who had defeated the Europeans and occupied the Fort Jesus, after an incredible 33-month siege in 1698. The city remained under their control until 1870, when the intervention ended the British slave trade to the empire and gained a foothold in East Africa.
Mombasa later became the head-rail for the railroad and the largest city of Uganda a British protectorate in East Africa. In1920, when Kenya became a British colony in its own right, Mombasa was the capital of the protectorate separate British coast.
Today, the cut and thrust of politics and power play goes largely from Mombasa, but it is still the second largest city of Kenya and a social barometer critical to the coastal province as a whole.